Friday, 19 December 2014

18th Regiment of Foot - Royal Irish Regiment


1st April 1684
Earl of Granard's Regiment of Foot.

The regiment was formed in Ireland from independent garrison companies. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of other colonels.
1689
Placed on the English establishment
1695
Royal Regiment of Ireland
1747
Ranked as the 18th Foot
1st July 1751
18th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot.
1st July 1881

The Royal Irish Regiment.

Reorganised as the county regiment for Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford and Wexford, also encompassing militia infantry.
31st July 1922

Disbanded

The painting is by Michael Angelo Hay and depicts The 18th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot at the storming of the Fortress of Amoy (Xiamen), China on the 26th August 1841.

Thursday, 11 December 2014

17th Regiment of Foot - Leicestershire Regiment


27th September 1688
Solomon Richard's Regiment of Foot. The regiment was raised at London. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of other colonels.

1st July 1751
17th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
17th (the Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot.
1st July 1881

The Leicestershire Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for Leicestershire, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.

28th November 1946
The Royal Leicestershire Regiment
1st September 1964
Merges with the 1st East Anglian Regiment, 2nd East Anglian Regiment and 3rd East Anglian Regiment to form the Royal Anglian Regiment.

Sunday, 30 November 2014

16th Regiment of Foot


 
9th October 1688
Archibald Douglas’s Regiment of Foot. The regiment was raised at Reading from southern counties. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of other colonels.
1747
Ranked as the 16th Foot
1st July 1751
16th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
16th (the Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot.
May 1809

Exchanged county titles with the 14th Foot
1st July 1881
The Bedfordshire Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.

29th July 1919
The Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire Regiment  
2nd June 1958
Amalgamated with the Essex Regiment to form the 3rd East Anglian Regiment
1st September 1964
3rd East Anglian Regiment merges with the 1st East Anglian Regiment, 2nd East Anglian Regiment and The Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form the Royal Anglian Regiment.


Image courtesy of The Military Gentleman.

Sunday, 23 November 2014

15th Regiment of Foot - East Yorkshire Regiment


22nd June 1685
Sir William Clifton's Regiment of Foot. The regiment was raised at Nottingham. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of other colonels.
1st July 1751
15th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
15th (the Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot.
1st July 1881
The East Yorkshire Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for the East Riding, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
6th May 1935
The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own).
25th April 1958
Amalgamated with the West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) to form the Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire.
6th June 2006
Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire. merges with the Green Howards and The Duke Of Wellington's Regiment to form The Yorkshire Regiment. The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire becomes the 1st Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment.

The image, courtesy of Wikipedia, shows John Theophilus Rawdon-Hastings, 2nd son of the 1st Earl of Moira, in the uniform of the 15th Regiment of Foot (1776) with a flintlock gun (and two adoring dogs).

Sunday, 16 November 2014

14th Regiment of Foot - The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own)


22nd June 1685
Sir Edward Hales's Regiment of Foot. The regiment was raised at Canterbury. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of other colonels.
1st July 1751
14th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
14th (the Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot. Exchanged county titles with the 16th Regiment of Foot.
6th June 1876
14th (Buckinghamshire - The Prince of Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment). Designated as the county regiment for West Yorkshire, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
1st January 1921
The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own).
25th April 1958
Amalgamated with the East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) to form the Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire.
6th June 2006
Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire. merges with the Green Howards and The Duke Of Wellington's Regiment to form The Yorkshire Regiment. The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire becomes the 1st Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment.

The image on this post is taken from The BBC's Your Paintings website and depicts an officer of the 3rd Battalion, the 14th Regiment of Foot, Army of Occupation, Paris, 1816. Painted by Jean-Pierre-Frédéric Barrois.

13th Regiment of Foot - Somerset Light Infantry


20th June 1685
Earl of Huntingdon's Regiment of Foot. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of other colonels.
1st July 1751
13th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
13th (1st Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot
25th December 1822
13th (1st Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
26th August 1842
13th (1st Somersetshire) (Prince Albert's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot 
1st July 1881
Prince Albert's Light Infantry (Somersetshire Regiment). Designated as the county regiment for Suffolk, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
13th December 1881
Prince Albert's (Somersetshire Light Infantry)
1912
Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry)
1st January 1921
The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's)
29th August 1959
Amalgamated with the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry to form the The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry
10th July 1968
The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry amalgamates with the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, King's Shropshire Light Infantry and Durham Light Infantry to form The Light Infantry.
1st February 2007
The Light Infantry, along with the Devon & Dorset Regiment,  the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment and the Royal Green Jackets, are amalgamated to create a new regiment, The Rifles.

12th Regiment of Foot - The Suffolk Regiment


20th June 1685
The Duke of Norfolk's Regiment of Foot. The regiment was raised at Norwich from local men living in Norfolk and Suffolk. It also incorporated a detachment, raised in 1660, which had been sent to Virginia in 1667. Until 1751 it was also known by the names of ten other colonels.
1747
Ranked as 12th Foot
1st July 1751
12th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
12th (the East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Suffolk Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for Suffolk, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
29th August 1959
Amalgamated with the Royal Norfolk Regiment to form the 1st East Anglian Regiment, (Royal Norfolk and Suffolk).
1st September 1964
1st East Anglian Regiment merges with the 2nd East Anglian Regiment, 3rd East Anglian Regiment and The Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form the Royal Anglian Regiment.

Pictured, Major General Sir Thomas Picton who joined the regiment in 1773 and was killed at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Saturday, 1 November 2014

11th Regiment of Foot - The Devonshire Regiment


13th June 1667
Marquess of Worcester's Regiment of Foot.
1667
Disbanded
24th January 1673
Marquess of Worcester's Regiment of Foot.
1673
Disbanded
20th June 1685
The Duke of Beaufort's Regiment of Foot. Known until 1751 by the names of ten subsequent colonels.
1st July 1751
11th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
11th (the North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Devonshire Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for Lincolnshire, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
17th May 1958
Amalgamated with the Dorset Regiment to form the Devonshire & Dorset Regiment
2007
The Devonshire & Dorset Regiment merged with The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment to form the 1st Battalion, The Rifles.

The image on this post, courtesy Wikipedia, is a portrait by John Hoppner (1758-1810) of an unknown British officer circa 1800, probably from the North Devonshire Regiment of Foot.

Sunday, 26 October 2014

10th Regiment of Foot - The Lincolnshire Regiment


20th June 1685
Earl of Bath's Regiment. Raised from eleven independent companies in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire and the garrison at Plymouth. Known until 1751 by the names of eight subsequent colonels.
1747
Ranked as the 10th Foot
1st July 1751
10th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
10th (the North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Lincolnshire Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for Lincolnshire, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
29th November 1946
The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment
1st June 1960
Amalgamated with the Northamptonshire Regiment to form the 2nd East Anglian Regiment (Duchess of Gloucester's Own Royal Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire)
1st September 1964
2nd East Anglian Regiment merges with the 1st East Anglian Regiment, 3rd East Anglian Regiment and The Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form the Royal Anglian Regiment.

Sunday, 12 October 2014

9th Regiment of Foot - The Norfolk Regiment


19th June 1685
Henry Cornewall's Regiment of Foot. Raised at Gloucester and known until 1751 by the names of twelve subsequent colonels.
1st July 1751
9th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
9th (the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Norfolk Regiment. Designated as the county regiment for Norfolk, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
3rd June 1935
The Royal Norfolk Regiment
29th August 1959
Amalgamated with the Suffolk Regiment to form the 1st East Anglian Regiment (Royal Norfolk and Suffolk)
1st September 1964
1st East Anglian Regiment merges with the 2nd East Anglian Regiment, 3rd East Anglian Regiment and The Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form the Royal Anglian Regiment.

Sunday, 21 September 2014

8th Regiment of Foot - The King's (Liverpool Regiment)


19th June 1685The Princess Anne of Denmark's Regiment of Foot. Raised in Derbyshire & Hertfordshire and named for the future Queen Anne.
1702
The Queen's Regiment of Foot. Re-designated to recognise Princess Anne becoming Queen Anne.
1716
The King's Regiment of Foot. Re-named to recognise King George I
1st July 1751
8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The King's (Liverpool Regiment). Designated as the city regiment of Liverpool, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
1st January 1921
The King's Regiment (Liverpool)
1958
Amalgamated with the Manchester Regiment to form the King's Regiment (Manchester & Liverpool)
1st July 2006
Amalgamates with the Queen's Lancashire Regiment and King's Own Royal Border Regiment to form the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment.

Thursday, 11 September 2014

7th Regiment of Foot - Royal Fusiliers


11th June 1685
The Ordnance Regiment. Raised in the City of London from two companies of Tower Guards as an escort to the train of Artillery. Also known as the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.
1747
Royal English Fuzileers. Ranked as the 7th Regiment of Foot
1st July 1751
7th Regiment of Foot (Royal Fuzileers)
1st July 1881
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment). Two regular battalions. Designated as the city regiment of London, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
1889
County of London formed from parts of Kent, Middlesex and Surrey
1898
3rd (Regular) Battalion formed.
1900
4th (Regular) Battalion formed
1st April 1908
The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Volunteer Battalions were transferred to the London Regiment and became the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th (City of London Battalions), The London Regiment, upon the creation of the Territorial Force.
7th July 1916
The four Territorial Force battalions mentioned above were re-affiliated to The Royal Fusiliers
1922
The 3rd (Regular) and 4th (Regular) Battalions are disbanded.
23rd April 1968
Amalgamated with the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and the Lancashire Fusiliers to form The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

Thursday, 21 August 2014

6th Regiment of Foot / Royal Warwickshire Regiment

Royal Warwickshire Regiment

13th June 1667Sir Walter Vane's Regiment of Foot
about 1668
Disbanded
12th December 1673
Sir Walter Vane's Regiment of Foot. A "Holland Regiment". Raised at Bois-le-Duc from Irish troops for Dutch Service
1688
Transferred to the English establishment
1747
Ranked as the 6th Regiment of Foot
1st July 1751
6th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
6th (1st Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot
15th June 1832
6th (Royal 1st Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Royal Warwickshire Regiment). Designated as the county regiment for Warwickshire, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
1st May 1963
The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers
23rd April 1968
Amalgamated with the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) and the Lancashire Fusiliers to form The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

5th Regiment of Foot / The Northumberland Fusiliers


8th August 1674The Irish Regiment. Irish regiment raised for Dutch service. Also known until 1751 by the names of its colonels:
1674
O'Brien's Foot or Clare's regiment of Foot (named after Daniel, Viscount Clare)
1675 
Sir John Fenwick's Foot (named after Sir John Fenwick)
1676
Wiseley's Foot or Wesley's Foot (named after Henry Wiseley)
1680
Monk's Foot or Monck's Foot (named after Thomas Monck)
1685
Transferred to the English Establishment: an Irish regiment on the English establishment
1685
Talmash's Foot or Tollemache's Foot (named after Thomas Tollemache)
1689
Lloyd's Foot (named after Edward Lloyd)
1690
Fairfax's Foot (named after Thomas Fairfax)
1704
Pearce's Foot (named after Thomas Pearce)
1732
Cope's Foot (named after Sir John Cope KB)
1737
Irvine's Foot or Irwin's Foot or Irwine's Foot (named after Alexander Irwine)
1st July 17515th Regiment of Foot
31st August 1782
5th (The Northumberland) Regiment of Foot
4th May 1836
5th Regiment of Foot (Northumberland Fusiliers)
1st July 1881
The Northumberland Fusiliers. Designated as the county regiment for Northumberland, also encompassing militia and volunteer infantry.
3rd June 1935
The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers
23rd April 1968
Amalgamated with the Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers, The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) and the Lancashire Fusiliers to form The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

Tuesday, 1 July 2014

4th Regiment of Foot / The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)


13th July 1680
2nd Tangier, or Earl of Plymouth's Regiment of Foot
1684
The Duchess of York and Albany's Regiment of Foot
February 1685
The Queen's Regiment of Foot
1688
The Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot
1702
The Queen's Regiment of Foot
1703
The Queen's Own Regiment of Marines
1710
The Queen's Own Regiment of Foot
1715
The King's Own Regiment of Foot
1st July 1751
4th (The King's Own) Regiment of Foot
1867
4th (The King's Own Royal) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment). Designated as the county regiment for North Lancashire.
1st January 1921
The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)
1st October 1959
Amalgamated with the Border Regiment to form The King's Own Royal Border Regiment
2004
Amalgamated with the King's Regiment and the Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's Lancashire and Border)

3rd Regiment of Foot / The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)


31st May 1665
The Holland Regiment
Formed in England from repatriated veterans of the three disbanded English regiments which had been in Dutch service.
1689
Prince George of Denmark's Regiment
1st July 1751
3rd Regiment of Foot, or The Buffs
31st August 1782
3rd (The East Kent) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
3rd June 1935
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)


1st March 1961
Amalgamated with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment to form The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment
1966
Combines with The Queen’s Royal Surrey Regiment, The Royal Sussex Regiment and The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own to form The Queen's Regiment
9th September 1992The Queen's Regiment amalgamates with the Royal Hampshire Regiment to form The Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires)

2nd Regiment of Foot / The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment


1st October 1661
Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Foot
1663
Absorbed Sir Robert Harley's Regiment of Foot, and Lord Rutherford's Regiment of Foot
1685
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot
(The Queen Dowager is Queen Catherine, widow of King Charles II)
1703
The Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot
1715
The Princess of Wales's Own Regiment of Foot
(The Princess of Wales is Princess Caroline, future wife of King George II)
1727
The Queen's Own Regiment of Foot
1747
The Queen's Own Royal Regiment of Foot
1st July 1751
2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot
1st July 1881
The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)
1st January 1921
The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)
14th October 1959
Amalgamates with the East Surrey Regiment to form The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment
31st December 1966
The Queen's Regiment
9th September 1992
Amalgamates with the Royal Hampshire Regiment to form The Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires)

Links

Regimental numbers 1881-1918 - 1st and 2nd Queen's - numbers and enlistment dates
The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment - Regimental website
Queen's - war diaries 1914-1918 - First World War diaries in PDF format
The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) 1914-1918 - From The Long, Long Trail




Sunday, 29 June 2014

1st Regiment of Foot / The Royal Scots (The Lothian Regiment)


Lineage

28th March 1625
John Hepburn's Regiment
26th January 1633
Placed on Scottish establishment for Scottish coronation of King Charles I.
1635
Enters French service as Regiment de Hebron [Hepburn]
1637
Regiment de Douglas
21st October 1655
Regiment de Dumbarton
1662
Transferred to English service and ranked as 1st Regiment of Foot
1662
Returned to French service
1667
Returned to English service for Second Anglo-Dutch War (1664-1667)
1667
Returned to French service
1678
Returned to English service as Earl of Dumbarton's Regiment of Foot
1st May 1684
His Majesty's Royal Regiment of Foot
1st July 1751
1st, (Royal) Regiment of Foot
11th February 1812
1st Regiment of Foot (Royal Scots)
29th August 1821
1st, or Royal Regiment of Foot
15th December 1871
1st or The Royal Scots Regiment
1st July 1881
The Royal Scots (The Lothian Regiment). Re-organised as the county regiment for Edinburgh (Midlothian), Haddingtonshire (East Lothian), Linlithgow (West Lothian) and Berwickshire
1920
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)
28th March 2006
The Royal Regiment of Scotland (after a merger with The Royal Highland Fusiliers, The King's Own Scottish Borderers, The Black Watch, The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) and The Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders

Links:

Regimental numbers 1881-1914 - 1st & 2nd Royal Scots
Regimental numbers 1908-1914 - 8th Royal Scots
The Royal Scots Regiment

Further Reading

The following titles are all available from Naval & Military Press. Descriptions courtesy Naval & Military Press.

http://www.naval-military-press.com/home.php?bid=6&partner=PaulNixon

Regimental Records of the Royal Scots, the First or Royal Regiment of Foot 1590-1911
The regiment fought in the Duke of Marlborough's four great victories at Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde and Malplaquet, the expedition to Louisburg, the retreat to Corunna, the Peninsular war battles of Busaco, Vittoria Salamanca, San Sebastian, and the Nive; the Waterloo campaign, the Crimean War and the Boer War. This book contains not only detailed accounts of all the campaigns and actions, but officers' rolls, marching songs, regimental crests and insignia, uniform illustrations, and portraits of the regiment's colonels.

Diary of Services of the First Battalion during the Boer War
A battalion history of the 1st Royal Scots' deployment in South Africa, illustrated with rare photographs and including a Roll of Honour and casualty list.

Royal Scots 1914-1919
Arranged chronologically with each chapter covering a specific period of time whether on the Western Front any other front where the Regiment fought, for example there are three chapters on Gallipoli covering that campaign from start to finish. 825pp and a 33pp index.